Grass seeds can easily die off after experiencing continuous foot traffic, and this is why it is recommended that you mow your grass three or four times on a newly seeded lawn. According to experts, it is best to mow the grass when it has surpassed the desired height ie, and it’s one third taller.
In its first year of life, you should avoid walking on the grass or playing on it. The absence of trauma and stress allows the strengthening of the roots and the grass.
How to plant grass step by step
If you want your garden to look nice or you have a small space of land at the entrance of the house, it may be a good idea to cover everything with grass, something that can be done by following the guide below, in which we explain how to plant grass step by step.
The lawn is the most interesting part of a garden, as well as the most aesthetically pleasing.
This element is combined with others (trees, plants, furniture, etc.), and we love it when it looks green and lush, something that we will achieve with a good planting, depending on the type of seeds used and how it is distributed.
However, before sowing to promote rooting and development of the grass, it is necessary to work the soil. In fact, by following a few simple rules, you can achieve a green, healthy, lush, long-lasting, and aesthetically pleasing lawn.
Let’s see then how to plant grass easily and step by step.
Steps to planting grass step by step
As mentioned in the previous paragraph, seeding is one of the most important steps in setting up your lawn. This is preceded by working the soil that will receive the seeds. The land must be cleared of debris and weeds.
After cleaning, the soil must be collected, dug, and cultivated with a hoe, working to twenty centimeters. The soil must be compact and crumbled, to be able to absorb the seeds without dispersal.
If the soil is not very wet, its drainage must be increased by adding sand, while if it is too wet, it must be dried by adding organic material.
After drainage adjustment, the soil must be compacted to avoid unevenness. Compaction can be done by walking on the ground or bypassing the back of the rake. This operation must be repeated at least three times a week.
Do not sow immediately, but you have to let the soil rest paying attention to weeds’ appearance.
Before sowing, use a granular phosphate-based fertilizer, distributing a dose of 150 grams per square meter.
Sowing the lawn can be done by hand or with a seed spreader machine.
The choice of machine is necessary when large areas have to be sown. A good planting involves at least 50 grams of seeds per square meter.
If you sow by hand, spread half of the seeds in one direction and a half in the opposite direction.
The second half can also be extended at a right angle to the previous approach.
When sowing by hand, the seeds are spread out in a grid made up of wires and posts, ensuring that they end up in the earth’s clods where they take root, sprout, and take root.
Mechanized sowing, which will be carried out with the seed propagating machine, involves distributing the first half of the seeds in a longitudinal direction. After completing this first operation, you pass the machine spreading the other half of the seeds in a transverse direction.
After sowing, the soil must be compacted with a rake to help the seeds penetrate.
The soil must also be kept constantly moist. In general, sowing is always followed by a first watering. If the soil is naturally moist, it can be watered as soon as it looks dry.
As for when to sow, there are no hard and fast rules about the sowing period. Sowing in autumn and spring is generally preferred. However, the ideal season is early autumn because the ground is still warm, and the first rains can keep its humidity constant.
The sowing day should be without wind (to avoid dispersal of the seeds) and without rain.
Sowing in spring is not prohibited, but there is a risk of stressing the lawn that will arise with sudden frosts and the presence of weeds in this season.
Some gardening enthusiasts prefer to sow in the summer. Nothing prevents you from creating the lawn even this season. We need to irrigate more often and continuously because otherwise, the seeds run the risk of not catching.
With proper care, the grass will grow in three weeks.
To avoid damaging the seeds, the birds should be kept away with suitable devices as the birds tend to feed on seeds and peck them on the ground.
Also, avoid placing water pipes or irrigation systems in the planted area. Its weight could damage the sprouting process of the seed. Sowing, done with care and attention, will create a beautiful green lawn.
After the grass has reached a height of four inches, you can proceed to the first cut.
How to choose grass seeds
Natural grass is an excellent choice to decorate a garden, protect the soil, and even produce oxygen, although it must not be forgotten that it requires a care series. Which is the one that best suits your garden?
Here we give you all the keys.
The climate, terrain, and the use that will be made of the lawn will determine the type of seed that can be sown in the garden.
There are different varieties to sow depending on the area and the needs or use that will be made of the lawn, and if the area is going to be very trodden or not very trodden.
Possible seed mixtures are counted in the tens. The manufacturer’s indications regarding the selection and care of planting are essential for a garden to look at its best.
The most common species are the following.
English Ray grass: It is the most used (it is in almost all seed mixtures) due to its high resistance to footfalls. High temperatures (although the shade does not favor it) and its rapid growth (after seven days it can see results) and easy installation.
It needs constant watering, mowing, and fertilizing to maintain its greenness. It is used in all areas, that is, sports fields, public and private gardens.
Festuca: It is a not very dense grass, very resistant to trampling, adverse conditions, and diseases. It has more than 200 different species, and its seed is not planted alone but in combination with others such as English Ray grass.
Ideal for rustic lawns, slopes (slopes) and requires little maintenance.
Poa: It is present in most of the seeds for lawns. It births a bluish-green grass, it is very resistant to wear and tear, to drought, but slow to the implant.
Designed for cold climates, it does not need much light.
Grass or Bermuda (Cynodon): It is a grass with thin and dense leaves of a warm type (in winter, yellow), ideal for drylands, Mediterranean and southern areas. It needs the sun, and it is resistant to extreme temperatures and footsteps.
They require less water than any other (it only needs to be watered in dry seasons). Its advantage is its easy maintenance since it resists drought well.
Its disadvantage is that it does not tolerate the shade and its slow growth; that’s why it is mixed with another faster seed.
Dichondra repens: These are leaves similar to clover, without much height. Ideal for areas with little footing. It is used in temperate, sheltered, and, above all, humid areas (it resists shade well although it turns brown in the cold). It is usually combined with other species that withstand the cold to avoid regions with thinning in winter.
Japanese: It is also an alternative to common grass, composed of a mixture of grass and flower seeds. Ideal for sowing in dry areas and slopes (sloping terrain). It uses less water and is highly resistant to trampling, high temperatures, shade, and diseases.
It requires the same preparation as dichondra, and mowing is not recommended.
Dwarf clover: It is also an alternative to common grass; it adapts to any soil, measuring 20 cm. Its life is long, and it is easy to maintain. It does not resist frost or drought. Ideal for soils of low fertility and quite humid.
If you are growing St. Augustine grass seeds and want to make them spread quicker, click here!
The climate, key for the lawn
When choosing the grass that you are going to sow, it is advisable to follow the producer’s recommendations regarding the recommended area and climate. It is the best guarantee of success to achieve a green and healthy meadow.
The location and the environment determine the type of grass to be planted. There are seeds for hot and cold weather conditions, seeds that require little water, or hold up well under the shade.
For warm areas, rustic grass, dichondra repens, grass, dry ground grass are recommended.
Poa is the most recommended for wet areas. The mix to choose can be Geolia shade grass.
English Ray grass, fescue, and poa are used for all types of climates. The mixtures classified in this section are the universal, the ornamental, the green area grass, the sports one, the dwarf clover, the economy one, the English grass, and the Japanese one.
Uses of the lawn
As we have seen in the classification, depending on whether you want a decorative, flower, rustic, repopulation, or sports lawn, a combination of seeds or another is best suited.
Use as a sports area: It requires that it be resistant to footsteps. English Ray-grass is suitable.
Daily use, but that does not require excessive maintenance. It has to be sturdy, dense, and not rise quickly.
Exclusively decorative use: It is the one known as ornamental, finer, and denser.